Rumah Gadang (1910)
It is said that the Rumah Gadang originated from Tantejo Gurhano from Pariangan, Batusangkar.
Usually, the Rumah Gadang has three small buildings or 'rangkiang' in front of it, used to store rice:
- Sitinjau Laut
- Sitangka Lapa
The Rumah Gadang has three main areas: immediately after the entrance comes a middle ares (Rumah Tongah), where there is normally a central post; adjoining this the Anjuang, and the bedrooms (Biliak). Opposite the Anjuang is the kitchen and in front of that a large space (Pangkalan), where visitors are received.
The house is largely constructed of wood; an exception being the being the rear longitudinal wall which is a plain lattice woven in a chequered pattern from split bamboo. The roof is of a truss and cross-beam construction, and is typically covered with thatch from the fibre of the sugar palm (ijuk), the toughest thatch material available and said to last a hundred years. The thatch is laid in bundles which can be easily fitted to the curved, multi-gabled roof.
Roof finials are formed from thatch bound by decorative metal bindings and drawn into points said to resemble buffalo horns - in fact,'Minangkabau' is thought to be derived from 'menang kerbau' or 'win buffalo'.
The roof peaks themselves are built up out of many small battens and rafters.
- tradiotional houses of Indonesia