Tuesday, August 21, 2007

Quadruple Houses in France

Mulhouse was a free city until 1798 when it became part of France. It was already celebrated for the manufacture of printed cotton goods, and subsequently became a leading centre of the textile and engineering industries.

It also became a pioneer of the French concept of the "Cite Ouvriere" or "Worker’s City". This originated in 1853 when a company was formed to solve the acute lack of decent and hygienic housing. The scion of the textile industry, Jean Dollfus, gave financial backing. In particular, the company came up with a plan whereby the workers could own their own homes - a predecessor of the modern mortgage home loan.

The architect, Emile Muller, built houses based on models from other European countries, including, most interestingly, cluster houses like those in Shrewsbury and Derbyshire, England introduced by Clarles Bage. Models of these workers' houses in Mulhouse were presented during the World Fair of Paris in 1867.

By 1870 the company had built 3000 houses.

Reinventer l'habitat Intermediaire(pdf)3.2 MB
Cite Manifeste
Cite Ouvriere

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