Alexander himself and his architect, one Dinocrates of Rhodes or perhaps of Macedonia, seem to have employed it at Alexandria in Egypt. Antioch, its port, Seleucia Priera, Apamea and Laodicea – all founded by Seleuceus I – have blocks of the same size (112m x 58m). The grid plan, history shows, is much liked by military colonizers.
An example is Priene, a little town on the east coast of the Aegean. Early in the Macedonian age it was re-founded. It had about 400 individual dwelling-houses and a population of about 4,000.
It provides an interesting case of the grid applied to a steeply sloping site. But it is a rather functional arrangement: no striking artistic effects appear to have been attempted. No streets give vistas of stately buildings. No squares, other than the Agora, provide open spaces where larger buildings might be grouped and properly seen. Open spaces were very rare in Priene. Gardens, seem entirely absent.
PLAN OUTLINE OF PRIENE
A, B, C. Gates. D, E, F, H, M, P. Temples (see fig. 7). G. Agora, Market. I. Council House, K. Prytaneion. L, Q. Gymnasium. N. Theatre, O. Water-reservoir, R. Race-course, from Haverfield
Perspective view, from Haverfield
But the Greek grid was alien to many of the local cultures conquered by Alexander. Many reverted to original ways – buildings encroached into the wide streets, and open space were taken over by small shops and stalls, and the grid would lose its form.
References: Spiro Kostof, The City Shaped, 1991.
F. Haverfield, Ancient Town-Planning, 1913, download from Project Gutenberg