Eid ul-Adha also coincides with the Haj, a pilgrimage to the Muslim Holy Lands that is compulsory for every Muslim that is able to afford it.
Muslims face the Kaaba when they pray
The Haj starts at Mecca on th 8th day of Dzul Hijjah the 12th month in the Muslim calender. They perform their first Tawaf, which involves all of the pilgrims entering The Sacred Mosque Masjid al Haram, and walking seven times in a counter-clockwise direction around the Kaaba.
Mosques are usually rectangular structures, and so is the Masjid al Haram
After the first Tawaf, the pilgrims perform sa`i, running or walking seven times back and forth between the hills of Safa and Marwah. This is a re-enactment of Abraham's wife, Hajar, frantic search for water for her son, before the Zamzam Well was revealed to her by an angel sent by God.
As part of this ritual, the pilgrims also drink water from the Zamzam Well. The pilgrims then return to their encampment in Mina.
The next day pilgrims proceed to the plains of Arafat and stay out in the open contemplating Allah. A the end of the day, they travel to Muzdalifa for the night. There they gather small stones for the next day.
In the morning of the 10th day, they return to Mina and throw the stones at pillars which represent the devil. Then a sacrifice is made in which an animal is slaughtered and the meat distributed among the poor. After this, men's heads are shaved and women cut a lock of their hair. This is the day of Eid ul-Adha.
They next return to Mecca and make another Tawaf. Then it's back to Mina where pilgrims must again stone all three pillars in Mina for two or three days.
Finally they do the last Tawaf in Masjid-al Haram before leaving Mecca. Many continue to the Prophet's Mosque in Medina where the tomb of Prophet Muhammad is located, but this is not obligatory.
The architecture of flesh and blood against that built in brick and mortar
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