Tessellar Blog

Wednesday, November 14, 2007

The Round City of Baghdad #2


Plan

The Round City of Baghdad was also called Madinat-As-Salam: the City of Peace.

A round city wall was both cheaper to build for a given area and easier to defend. To improve the defenses were bent entrances and the double wall.


Artist's Impression

But the circular arrangement of streets and gates was also also tonreflect the orbit of planets,and the central position of the palace and mosque reflects the sun as the center of universe.

As it turned out, the history of Baghdad did not turn out to be so peaceful.


Islamic understanding of the shape of the earth

From 836 to 892 the capital was transferred to Samarra because of troubles with the caliph's Turkish troops in Baghdad. When Caliph al-Mu'tamid moved back to Baghdad he settled on the east bank of the Tigris which has remained the centre of the city to the present day.

In 1258 Hulagu Khan, a grandson of Genghis Khan captured, sacked, and burned Baghdad.


The Grand Library of Baghdad was destroyed. The Tigris ran black with ink from the enormous quantities of books flung into the river.


Hulagu’s Mongol army at Baghdad from wikimedia

The Mongols looted and then burnt mosques, palaces, libraries, and hospitals to the ground.

Estimates of people massacred range from 90,000 to 200,000. Hulagu had to move his camp upwind of the city, due to the stench of decay from the ruined city.

The Mongols rolled the caliph up in a rug, and rode their horses over him.

The destruction of Baghdad was to some extent a military tactic: it was supposed to convince other cities and rulers to surrender without a fight. But failed in Egypt, which defeated the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260.



References:




Related Posts:

Subscribe to Tessellar Blog
and get a FREE E-Book
HONEYCOMB HOUSING
An Affordable Alternative to Terrace Housing




52 MB, 49 A4 pages, 57 illustrations



Social Bookmarking


Add to: Digg Add to: Del.icio.us Add to: Reddit Add to: StumbleUpon Add to: Yahoo Add to: Google Add to: Technorati Information

4 comments:

Kyle & Svet Keeton said...

Hi Mazlin!

Kyle is so excited about another round city post, he is trying to push me away from the computer.... But i'll stay here :)))

We've been testing your site and first we found out strange thing: something (like javascript-program) tried to send a message when we your page was openning and even told that it took 36 microseconds to send it... Then we checked site-code again tried to find this "tinyurl" staff but nothing, then Kyle decided to check links on your site and we was astonished to see such: sms:?body=%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%82%21%20%D0%9F%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B5%20%D0%B1%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B3%20TESSELLAR%20%20%3E%20%20Blog%20%D0%BD%D0%B0%20%D1%81%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%86%D0%B5%20http%3A%2F%2Ftsl8.blogspot.com%2F

When we checked links on our site it was link like sms:?body=Hello%2C%20check%20out%20Windows%20to%20Russia%21%20at%20http%3A%2F%2Fkylekeeton.com%2F what had some sense.
Due we played with your page we found out
1) Your new article - and Kyle is happy now :)
2) Your site did not try to send any sms or at least stopped telling how much it took, started downloading much faster;
3) This virus window "Pay Per Clic" did not appear any more :)))
4) And we checked all links on your site again and now this sms-link looks decent:
sms:?body=Hello%2C%20check%20out%20TESSELLAR%20%20%3E%20%20Blog%20at%20http%3A%2F%2Ftsl8.blogspot.com%2F

Still don't understand what it means and how "blogger.com" uses it... But that's ok - looks like the virus was on server's side.

Be honest we had interesting evening investigating all this staff but now we are happy because everything works perfect and we got new article!

Thank you!
Svet and Kyle

Kyle & Svet Keeton said...

The link is back.

By the way the link to the image pay for post is from Blogger,com. I have traced that much. This seems to be a server related problem since I can not find it physically in your code (html).

I am limited to what I can do from here. I need the blogger code from your dashboard.

I really think you have a virus, I seem to be seeing what is called pay for post virus.

Scan your system then if nothing report to blogger.

The link is being hidden in tinyurl.com
go to http://tinyurl.com and you will understand what they have done.

I have bothered you enough.

Kyle

Kyle & Svet Keeton said...

It is back!!!

Anonymous said...

Who knows where to download XRumer 5.0 Palladium?
Help, please. All recommend this program to effectively advertise on the Internet, this is the best program!